“St. Peter” or in Latin named Basilica Papale Sancti Petri represent cathedral at Vatican, dedicated to the apostle Peter and is the largest Christian church in the world, which can hold up to 60,000 worshipers. The basilica is “mother church” of the Roman Catholic Church and is considered as one of the holiest Christian sites in the world. In the Christian world, it is described as the headquarters and the biggest of all churches in Christianity. According to Catholic belief, in the Basilica was buried apostle St. Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ.
Basilica of St. Peter is one of the places which we advise you to visit, a place that is a mate of faith and art. It is art that will take away your breath and will fulfill your soul.
The first church building was built in the 4th century or at the time of Constantine the Great. The complete reconstruction and almost all of today’s look, basilica received in the period from 18 April 1506 until 18 November 1626.
The basilica has a length of 220 meters, a width of 110 meters and a height of 113 meters. According to the length, it was and still is the largest Christian church in the world. In the central part of the basilica is a statue of St. Peter dating back to the 8th century. It is considered to have been made by Arnolfo di Cambio. Internally, the dome has a height of 119 meters and a diameter of 42 meters. It rests on four pillars. In the niche of one of the pillar is a statue of St. Longinus, five meters high. It was made by Bernini. Here is the Chair of St. Peter, which is also the work of Bernini. Over the chair of St. Peter is the Holy Spirit.
Right here is the tomb monument of Pope Urban VIII and Pope Paul III that have been made by a student of Michelangelo Buonarroti. In the first chapel to the right is the work of Michelangelo’s Pieta, which was made when he was only 25 years old. Next to it is a wooden crucifix which was attributed to Pietro Cavallini. It follows announcements monument Matilde di Cannossa made by Bernini and his students. She was the first woman who was buried in that church.